Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66--72

Stress and burden among parents of students in special schools of Mangaluru: A cross-sectional study


Laimayum Nivedita Devi, Mackwin Kenwood D'Mello, Priyanka Dsouza Rent 
 Department of Public Health, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mackwin Kenwood D'Mello
Department of Public Health, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore - 575 018, Karnataka
India

Background: About 15% of the world's population lives with some form of disability; 2%–4% experience significant difficulties in functioning. Parents who are the primary caregivers of a child with a disability face numerous challenges in day-to-day life, which, in turn, affects their psychological health. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the level of stress and burden among parents of a child with a disability, to identify the coping strategies used by the parents, and to assess the effect of sociodemographic variables on their level of stress and burden. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three special schools of Mangaluru taluk; a total of 112 parents whose children were enrolled in these special schools participated. Family Stress and Coping Interview and Zarit Burden Interview scale and a modified questionnaire on coping strategies were used to calculate the stress and burden level. Results: Nearly 47.33% of the parents reported mild-to-moderate stress, whereas 25% of the parents reported high stress, 50.9% of the parents reported mild-to-moderate burden, and 26.8% accounted for moderate-to-severe burden. There was a significant association between the level of stress, level of caregiver burden, and sociodemographic variables such as residents, occupation, education, and rehabilitation services. There is moderate and strong evidence of a positive correlation between the caregiver burden with the age of the child (r = 0.245, P = 0.009) and stress (r = 0.45, P < 0.001). The parents of children with disability undergo stressful events throughout their life; the sociodemographic factors have significant association on the level of stress and burden. Conclusion: The various program measures such as adult day care, improvised home-care, and use of assistive equipment can be undertaken to reduce caregiver burden.


How to cite this article:
Devi LN, D'Mello MK, Rent PD. Stress and burden among parents of students in special schools of Mangaluru: A cross-sectional study.Muller J Med Sci Res 2019;10:66-72


How to cite this URL:
Devi LN, D'Mello MK, Rent PD. Stress and burden among parents of students in special schools of Mangaluru: A cross-sectional study. Muller J Med Sci Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2022 Sep 28 ];10:66-72
Available from: https://www.mjmsr.net/article.asp?issn=0975-9727;year=2019;volume=10;issue=2;spage=66;epage=72;aulast=Devi;type=0