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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-22

A clinicopathologic study of various breast lesions with cytohistological correlation

1 Department of Pathology, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut; Department of Pathology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, India
2 Department of Surgery, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow; Department of Surgery, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Urosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Chandigarh, India
5 Department of Pathology, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, India

Correspondence Address:
Monika Rathi
Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-9727.146416

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Context: Most of the females suffer from breast diseases during their life at some time or the other. Confirmation of breast diseases by clinical examination and pathological confirmation by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and histopathologic examination has been found to be an important part of diagnostic workup in breast diseases. Aims: To establish a clinicopathologic correlation in patients suffering from breast diseases. Settings and Design: We conducted a prospective study from December 2008 to August 2010. One hundred and twenty-one cases were enrolled using simple random sampling methods. Materials and Methods: Data including age, complaints, and clinical examination was collected from patients presenting for FNAC with breast complaints. Results: A total of 128 cases were studied which included 101 benign cases, 21 malignant cases, and 6 inadequate cases. The final 122 cases included 3 (2.5%) cases of acute mastitis, 2 cases (1.6%) of tubercular mastitis, 44 cases (36.1%) of fibroadenoma, 42 cases (34.4%) of benign breast disease with non-specific descriptive diagnosis, 2 cases (1.6%) of fibrocystic disease, 3 cases (2.5%) of galactocele, 1 (0.9%) case of lactational adenoma, 2 cases (1.6%) of cellular fibroadenoma, and 2 cases (1.6%) of phyllodes tumor. Apart from this, there were 21 cases (17.21%) of ductal carcinoma. Majority of benign cases were between 30 and 39 years of age (43.6%). Majority of malignant cases fell between 50 and 59 years of age (47.6%). Majority (61.5%) of lumps (>3 cm) were malignant, whereas 94.8% of lumps (<3 cm) were benign. Left breast was commonly involved (49.18%) than the right breast (44.26%). Superolateral quadrant (63.1%) was the most commonly involved quadrant. Histology was available for 35 benign cases (34.65%) and out of total malignant cases (21), histology was available for 14 cases (66.66%). No discrepancy was noted.

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